Indicator polychlorinated biphenyl residues in muscle tissue of fish from Black Sea coast of Bulgaria

S. Georgieva*, M. Stancheva

Department of Chemistry, Medical University, Marin Drinov 55, 9002 Varna, Bulgaria
(Manuscript received 25 April 2016; accepted for publication 30 May 2016)

Abstract. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are characterized by high lipophilicity and persistence in the environment and will therefore bioaccumulate and biomagnify in the food chain. PCBs were determined in muscle tissue of four fish species: goby (Neogobius melanostomus), horse mackerel (Trachurus Mediterraneus ponticus), shad (Alosa pontica pontica) and turbot (Psetta maxima maeotica). Samples were collected from Bulgarian Black Sea coast during 2007- 2011. The PCBs were analyzed in order to examine the time trends of PCB concentrations in fish from Black Sea. The six individual PCBs congeners were determined by capillary gas chromatography system with mass spectrometry detection. PCBs were found in all fish species at concentrations ranging between 2.32 ng/g ww (wet weight) and 32.87 ng/g ww in goby and shad, respectively. PCB profiles have been found to be similar in all the fish species tested. The most abundant PCB congeners in fish species were hexa- and heptachlorinated PCBs 138, 153 and 180. PCB 153 was the dominant congener in all fish studied and were found in the range from 0.95 ng/g ww (horse mackerel 2011) to 11.67 ng/g ww (shad 2010). The sum of six indicator PCBs in all fish species did not exceed the European maximum limit of 75 ng/g ww. The levels of PCBs in fish from Bulgarian Black Sea coast were found lower than in fish species from other seas – the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.