Stone marten (Martes foina, Erxl., 1777) and villagers: human-wildlife social conflict

S. Peeva* , E. Raichev

Department of Animal Production, Monogastric and Other Animals, Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
(Manuscript received 16 May 2016; accepted for publication 8 June 2016)

Abstract. The “Human-wildlife conflict” refers to the interaction between wild animals and humans and the negative impact on their resources or wildlife and their habitats. One of the reasons for its occurrence is the entry of wild animals in urban environment. Stone marten often enters into settlements and its activity provokes conflict with humans. To clarify the attitude towards coexistence with this species a survey among 132 residents of villages in the region of Sarnena Sredna Gora Mountain was conducted in the period 01.12.2015-31.03.2016. The opinion of people familiar with stone marten’s biology (hunters) and other people (retired and active) was explored. The differences between men and women were examined. In settlements stone marten is considered to be a pest, attacking smaller livestock. Its presence disturbs humans by- displacing tiles on the roofs, noise, faeces etc., and consequently Human-wildlife conflict emerges. More than half of people are not convinced to take ultimate measures against martens. Human-stone marten conflict in Bulgarian villages is still at the tolerance level.