The evolution and current state of agricultural land and livestock exploited in organic farming system in Romania

I. Răducuţă, A.T. Bogdan, I. Van, D. Rebega, C. Fabian, I. Grosulescu

Abstract. Organic agriculture can successfully contribute to a sustainable development of the Romania’s rural areas because in our country there are extremely favorable conditions for practicing of large-scale organic farming, and particularly in the hill and mountain areas. The purpose of this study was to analyze the evolution and current state of organic agriculture in Romania, with special reference to the organic land, the number of organic producers, the use of organic agricultural land and the organic livestock. To achieve these objectives we have studied the official statistical data, we calculated the percentage difference between the reference years and we interpreted data obtained. The results showed that the total area of organic land in Romania in 2010 it was 260,000 ha, from which 70.3% are organic agricultural land and 29.7% are organic non-agricultural land. The area of organic agricultural land in 2010 was 182,706 ha, being with 1.9 times higher as compared with the existing area in 2006, representing 1.37% of the total agricultural land. As regards the use of organic agricultural land, it was found that in 2010 the largest part of them, namely 81.0% were occupied with arable land, 17.3% with pastures and meadows and 1.7% with permanent crops (vineyards and orchards). Also this study shows that in 2010 there were 3,078 organic producers. The production of organic crops and the rearing of organic animals are the main activities in the organic sector at farm level. Livestock farmed organically in 2010 were as follows: 12,761 heads of cattle, 57,678 heads of sheep and goats, 537 heads of pigs and 23,740 heads of birds. The results showed also that cattle and sheep are the most popular species reared using organic production methods.