Biological and economic traits of Yasmina – a new variety of six-row spring barley with high productive potential

D. Dimova*

Agricultural Academy, Institute of Agriculture – Karnobat, 8400 Karnobat, Bulgaria

(Manuscript received 26 June 2023; accepted for publication 11 March 2024)

Abstract. The Yasmina variety is a new, highly productive spring fodder barley. It was created at the Institute of Agriculture in Karnobat by means of a combinatorial selection method. The biological and economic traits of the variety were tested in the Institute’s competitive variety trials and the IASAS system during 2019-2020. The aim of this study was to present the biological and economic traits of the new recognized spring six-row barley variety Yasmina. In the ecological network regions, it demonstrated high productivity. The mean yield from the new variety obtained in 4 Bulgarian regions was proven higher than the one from the standard variety Venera by 22.0%. During the testing period, the variety realized a yield of up to 6500 kg/a. With high protein content of 13.51%, it is ideally suited for fodder.The variety has good lodging resistance. Yasmina was recognized as an original cultivar with Order No RD-12-4/10 Mar 2021 by the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry and was approved for entry in List A of the Official Variety List of the Republic of Bulgaria.