Design parameters of furrow forming and compacting roller of the combined seeder STS-80

G. Hristova1*, M. Dallev2, G. Tihanov1

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
2Department of Agricultural machinery, Faculty of horticulture with viticulture, Agricultural University of Plovdiv, 12 Mendeleev Blvd., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

(Manuscript received 22 June 2021; accepted for publication 10 August 2021)

Abstract. A turf seed drill (STS-80) has been designed, in which the seeds from the sowing machines are sent to the soil through seed pipes. The size of the seeds is relatively small, therefore it is a requirement for them to be sown at a depth between 0.5 cm and 1.5 cm. The drill allows the following operations to be performed simultaneously: soil furrowing, seed sowing, and soil compaction with a compaction roller. The structure of the individual bodies that make up the aggregate is essential for the smooth running of the work process. Two rollers have been developed, which allow the providing of the necessary agro-technical requirements for sowing grass seeds. The role of the roller mounted in the front part of the drill is to make furrows in the soil at a depth of 1.5 cm, where the grass seeds fall. The roller, located in the rear of the unit, dulls the surface of the soil after the seeds enter it. This creates additional dynamic force, which increases the degree of soil compaction and the intensity of destruction of soil aggregates at a certain mass of the roller.