Population status, breeding policy and perspectives for the development of the Danubian horse breed

  1. Vlaeva1, N. Lukanova 2, M. Popova3

1Sub-department “Horse breeding”, Department of Animal husbandry – Non-ruminants and other animals,

Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

2Institute of Animal Science, 2232 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria

3 Department of Animal Sciences, Agricultural University, 12 Mendeleev Str., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

(Manuscript received 12 June 2019; accepted for publication 22 July 2019)

 

Abstract. The population status and breeding policy of the Danubian horse breed were studied for a relatively long period, from 1953-2017. The study traced the change in population number of the breed in decades and by different categories of animals. The analyses show a strong reduction in the number of Danubian horses in all categories. The small number of newborn foals is associated with the lowering number of breeding mares especially after the 1980s. In the last decade, according to an officially published bulletin by the breeding organization on the other hand, there was an increase in the number of mares and stallions and inconsistent with that number of breeding horses, newly born foals. In a historical aspect, the breeding policy of the Danubian horse showed some interesting and unpublished so far facts. Those facts are related, on the one hand, with the origin of the mares that became founders of families and, on the other hand, with the use of stallions of different breeds for input of purebred animals.