Analysis of legislation on the designation of sites and routes on agricultural land

V. Velkovski*

Department of Agricultural Economics, Economic Academy “Dimitar A. Tsenov”, 5250 Svishtov, Bulgaria

(Manuscript received 5 June 2019; accepted for publication 20 September 2019)

Abstract. The article deals with aspects of the Bulgarian agricultural and ecological legislation, which regulate the processes of location of sites and routes on the agricultural lands in carrying out construction and other spatial planning activities. The purpose of the study is to identify some legal imperfections in this area and to justify the need for their correction, reversal or development. To achieve the goal, a methodology based on Bulgarian legal-order tracking of regulations and the analysis of the actions of the subjects implementing them is used. Expected results in this regard are associated with ignoring the negative impact of the imperfections of the legal base on the sustainability of agro-development measures.

Change in use of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes – procedures, aspects, problems

  1. Velkovski

 

Department of Agricultural Economics, Economic Academy “Dimitar A. Tsenov”, 5250 Svishtov, Bulgaria

 

(Manuscript received 3 June 2019; accepted for publication 15 July 2019)

 

Abstract. The change of the designation of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes is related to investment intentions for realization of developmental events on the agricultural territories, which are mainly of a constructional nature. In a legal and technological aspect, this process is regulated in Chapter Five of the Agricultural Land Conservation Act (1996) and Chapter Five of the Rules for Implementation of Agricultural Land Conservation Act (1996). Other specific legal details in this respect are subject to regulation in a number of other legal acts: Spatial Development Act (2001), Black Sea Coast Spatial Development Act (2008), Cadastre and Land Register Act (2000), Ordinance No. 7/22.12.2003 on rules and norms for the construction of the different types of territories and development zones, Ordinance No. 8/14.06.2001 on the volume and content of development plans, Ordinance No. 4/21.05.2001 on the scope and content of investment projects, etc. The aim of the study is to justify the necessity to change land use on a reasonable scale as a necessary instrument in the agricultural sector, by monitoring and analyzing the current legal framework and some literary sources. In this connection, the methodology of the legal analysis and the methodology of the SWOT analysis are used. The expected results are oriented towards the formulation of some proposals concerning the improvement of the mechanisms for the change of the purpose of the agricultural land.

The evolution and current state of agricultural land and livestock exploited in organic farming system in Romania

I. Răducuţă, A.T. Bogdan, I. Van, D. Rebega, C. Fabian, I. Grosulescu

Abstract. Organic agriculture can successfully contribute to a sustainable development of the Romania’s rural areas because in our country there are extremely favorable conditions for practicing of large-scale organic farming, and particularly in the hill and mountain areas. The purpose of this study was to analyze the evolution and current state of organic agriculture in Romania, with special reference to the organic land, the number of organic producers, the use of organic agricultural land and the organic livestock. To achieve these objectives we have studied the official statistical data, we calculated the percentage difference between the reference years and we interpreted data obtained. The results showed that the total area of organic land in Romania in 2010 it was 260,000 ha, from which 70.3% are organic agricultural land and 29.7% are organic non-agricultural land. The area of organic agricultural land in 2010 was 182,706 ha, being with 1.9 times higher as compared with the existing area in 2006, representing 1.37% of the total agricultural land. As regards the use of organic agricultural land, it was found that in 2010 the largest part of them, namely 81.0% were occupied with arable land, 17.3% with pastures and meadows and 1.7% with permanent crops (vineyards and orchards). Also this study shows that in 2010 there were 3,078 organic producers. The production of organic crops and the rearing of organic animals are the main activities in the organic sector at farm level. Livestock farmed organically in 2010 were as follows: 12,761 heads of cattle, 57,678 heads of sheep and goats, 537 heads of pigs and 23,740 heads of birds. The results showed also that cattle and sheep are the most popular species reared using organic production methods.

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