Effects of liquid organic mineral complex (MultiMix®) on milk yield, composition and cheesemaking capacity of milk in dairy cows

T. Angelova1*, K. Nedelkov2, D. Yordanova1, V. Karabashev1, J. Krastanov1

1Agricultural Institute, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
2Department of Nutrition, dietetics and veterinary expertise of feed, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

(Manuscript received 26 October 2020; accepted for publication 22 April 2021)

Abstract. The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of liquid organic mineral complex (MultiMix®) on the milk yield, composition and cheesemaking capacity of milk in dairy cows. Thirty Holstein cows (8 primiparous and 22 multiparous) were used in a randomized complete block design experiment with 15 cows per treatment. Feeding was ad libitum targeting 5% refusals. Milk yield data and samples for fat, true protein, solids not fat (SNF), lactose content and parameters characterizing the milk’s coagulation properties were collected throughout the experiment. Data suggested that MultiMix® administered through the cows’ drinking water had a positive effect on the milk productivity with a high degree of significance (p<0.001). A positive effect on the indicators characterizing the quality composition of milk has also been observed (p<0.001). Additionally, the cheesemaking capacity of milk was enhanced by supplementing animal water with MultiMix® (p<0.001). Overall, the new liquid organic mineral complex used in the present experiment showed promising results for improvement of milk production and composition in dairy cows but further studies are needed to unveil the physiologic mechanisms underlying these beneficial effects.

Study of milk composition in sheep of Pleven black head breed

D. Panayotov, T. Iliev, N. Naydenova, D. Pamukova, M. Simeonov

Abstract. The aim of the study was to investigate somatic cell count and milk composition from Pleven Black head breed of sheep. A total of 96 ewes on first lactation were used belonging to the flock of the village of Komarevo, Pleven district. The studied animals – daughters of six rams from 2 lines, were fed year round in a barn (November-March) and pasture period (April-October). A total of 384 individual milk samples were taken at four selection controls. The milk composition – fat, protein, casei, lactose, solids-non-fat and dry matter was established by Milko-Skan 104 (A/S Foss Elektric, Denmark). The total number of the somatic cells was established by an Ekoscope SCC automated system (Bulteh 2000, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria). The results of this investigation showed that the studied animals had very good milk quality indices. The milk of line 522 animals had significantly higher dry matter, solids-non-fat, fat, protein, casein and lactose content in comparison to those of line 32. For all studied milk indicators the daughters of ram No.33 in line 32 showed the highest average values whereas those of ram No.321 belonging to the same line had the lowest. The average somatic cell count of the milk in the studied animals was very low – 66 254 cells/ml. Minimum variation was established in respect to average SCC values of the milk in both lines but very large between the individual rams.

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