Еconomic analysis of meat production from two types of Domestic quails

H. Lukanov1*, I. Pavlova2

1Department of Animal Science – monogastric and other animals, Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University,

6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

2Department of General livestock breeding, Faculty of Veterinary medicine, Trakia University,

6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

(Manuscript received 3 March 2019; accepted for publication 17 April 2020)

Abstract. There are two types of Japanese quails, reared in Europe – dual-purpose and meat. The aim of the present study was to made an economic analysis of fattening quails from the dual-purpose and heavy production types. Three groups were formed – group 1 (dual-purpose), groups 2 and 3 (heavy type), reared in cages. After quails sexing on the 16th day of age, there were formed six subgroups: 1m, 1f, 2m, 2f, 3m and 3f. Fattening period lasted until 35 days of age. For revenues calculation produced meat and edible offal data per m2, were used. Costs calculation include consumed feed for the period, day-old quail, and other costs. The main production costs were associated with feed and day-old quails: from 80.3 and 82.6% of all costs in the studied groups. The anticipated revenues from produce in group 2 were 10 EUR/m2 higher than those in group 1, and for group 3 – 10.21 EUR/m2 higher than group А. The results indicate that meat type quails fattening is the most economically efficient in quail meat production. Producing quail edible offal is still not developed but could be beneficial for efficiency of quail fattening small farms.