The present article summarizes the problematic issues, scientific quests and achievements related with lands reclamation during the past 40 (forty) years. The anthropogenic activities that alter natural landscapes and form a new anthropogenic relief are indicated here, as well as the consequences of those activities on the environment and the measures that apply to its recovery. We have outlined the classic and new leading technologies for reclamation of damaged areas. The characteristics of some specific objects for reclamation and the difficulties in their recovery are also described. We have reflected the advantages of interdisciplinary studies on damaged ecosystems and have presented the methods for their field and laboratory analyses and subsequent monitoring. Classifications and methodologies for agro-environmental assessment of the suitability of the various geological materials for reclamation are specified. We have also included a taxonomic list of some of thoroughly studied reclaimed lands in Bulgaria according to the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB, 2007).
M. Banov, V. Tsolova, P. Ivanov, M. Hristova